Personnel Watch: An Updated Vice Premier Candidate Forecast

After the 19th Party Congress in October, we identified four potential candidates who may become State Council vice premiers. In light of recent official meetings, we are updating our forecast.

Meeting details: The Chinese Communist Party Central Committee held its second plenum from Jan. 18 to Jan. 19. Per the official announcement, the Central Committee issued a proposal to amend the state constitution and confirmed the establishment of a national supervisory body. Typically, national-level personnel appointments are discussed, but not announced, during second plenums. But two meetings held before this second plenum offer clues as to which names may have been mentioned as candidates for the vice premier slots.

During a Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) work conference in Beijing on Jan. 16, new Politburo member Liu He was seated on the podium behind outgoing vice premier Zhang Gaoli and new Politburo Standing Committee member Wang Huning, but before State Council members Yang Jiechi and Yang Jing. On the same day, new Politburo Standing Committee member Wang Yang attended and gave a speech at a United Front Work Department meeting in Beijing.


Why it matters:
1. The Jan. 16 meetings suggest that the personnel movement which we anticipated last year have a good chance of being confirmed at the Two Sessions meeting in March:

  • Li Zhanshu will become the new National People’s Congress chairman. (Link)
  • Wang Yang will become the new Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference chairman. (Link)
  • Han Zheng will become the new first-ranked vice premier of the State Council.

2. If the vice premier list is more or less decided, then former anti-corruption chief Wang Qishan stands a higher chance of becoming Chinese vice president.

Our take: Here’s our revised vice premier list.

Potential 13th State Council Vice Premiers(Update)

No. Name Age Portfolio
1 Han Zheng 64 First-ranked vice premier in charge of overseeing finance, development and reform, land resources, environmental protection, and housing.
– Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms deputy head
– Three Gorges Project Construction Committee director
– South-North Water Transfer Project director
– Food Safety Commission director
– First National Geographical Conditions and Census Leading Group director
2 Sun Chunlan 62 Vice premier in charge of education, science, culture, health, sports.
– Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms member
– National Science, Technology, and Education Leading Group director
– Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Medical and Health System Reforms director
– AIDS Prevention and Control Working Committee director
– Academic Degrees Committee director
– Working Committee on Women and Children director
– China Soccer Reform Leading Group director
3 Hu Chunhua 65 Vice premier in charge of agriculture, water conservancy, commerce, and tourism.
– Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms member
– State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters commander
– National Committee for Disaster Reduction commander
– Poverty Alleviation and Development Leading Group director
– Food Safety Commission deputy director
4 Liu He 66 Vice premier in charge of industry, transportation, finance, human resources, and social security.

– Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms member
– Central Leading Group for the Construction of the Belt and Road Initiative director
– Financial Stability and Development Committee director
– Work Safety Committee director
– Agriculture Work Leading Group director
– Small and Medium Enterprise Promotion and Development Leading Group director

5 Yang Jiechi 65 Vice premier in charge of foreign affairs.

– Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms member
– Central Leading Group for the Construction of the Belt and Road Initiative deputy director
– Foreign Affairs Leading Group member and secretary general
– Foreign Affairs Leading Group Office director

1. Wang Yang attendance at the Jan. 16 United Front Work Department meeting virtually confirms him as the new CPPCC chief. If Wang Yang is appointed CPPCC chief in March, then seventh-rank Politburo Standing Committee member Han Zheng will become the first-ranked State Council vice premier, barring unforeseen circumstances.

2. Han Zheng is a longtime Jiang Zemin faction member. Due to his political alignment, Xi may assign fewer portfolios to Han than his predecessor to limit his power. For instance, Han may not take over the BRI leading policy group from outgoing first-ranked vice premier Zhang Gaoli. This is a distinct possibility given Han’s absence from the BRI meeting on Jan. 16.

3. China’s financial risks may see the CCP regime encounter Black Swan events. Xi Jinping needs to appoint officials he can trust in key positions, such as the fourth-ranked vice premier who oversees finance. This means that new Politburo member Liu He, whom Xi told a U.S. official is “very important” to him according to several news reports, stands a good chance of replacing Zhang Gaoli as head of the BRI leading group and succeeding outgoing official Ma Kai as the fourth-rank vice premier.

There are recent signs that Liu will become a vice premier in March.

At the Jan. 16 BRI meeting, Liu was seated behind Politburo Standing Committee members Wang Huning and Zhang Gaoli. The seating arrangement of top officials in public events very often reflects their present and future political standing. Since Zhang is stepping down and Wang doesn’t have a background in economics and finance, Liu, a trained economist with a master of public administration from Harvard, will very likely succeed Zhang as BRI leading group head.

Meanwhile, Liu is scheduled to attend the World Economic Forum in Davos from Jan. 22 to Jan. 25, an indicator that he will succeed Ma Kai as the vice premier in charge finance and financial stability. With the Xi Jinping administration stressing greater financial regulation to mitigate major risks in China’s economy, Liu will play an important role if he becomes a State Council vice premier in March.

4. New Politburo member Yang Jiechi was seated behind Liu He at the recent BRI meeting. In November, we wrote that Yang might become China’s fifth vice premier in charge of foreign affairs after reviewing intelligence from China.

Yang, a longtime diplomat, has the experience to further the Chinese Communist Party’s “big power diplomacy” strategy as outlined in the 19th Congress report.

5. The third-rank vice premier post may go to Hu Chunhua, a former Party secretary of Guangdong Province and Politburo member. Recent history shows that Wang Yang and Zhang Dejiang, Hu’s predecessors as Guangdong chief, both served as the third-rank vice premier. But history is not the most instructive in forecasting personnel movement in China, and Hu is in tricky spot politically.

Going by Hu Chunhua’s work experiences and standing, the two offices he could most likely assume in March are State Council vice premier or Chinese vice president. The latter job is closed to him because observers consider the vice president spot reserved for future Party leaders (Hu Jintao and Xi both served as vice president before taking the top job). And the results of the 19th Congress personnel reshuffle signal that Xi doesn’t plan on appointing or grooming anyone to succeed him at the 20th Party Congress. Thus Xi won’t name Hu Chunhua, whom many pundits say was Hu Jintao’s preferred candidate to replace Xi, as the new vice president to avoid sending mixed messages.

If Hu Chunhua fails to become a vice premier at the Two Sessions, his political career may be halted.